What is Dupuytren’s contracture disease?
Dupuytren’s contracture is a genetic disease, which affects the fascia (layer of tissue that lies under the skin) of the hands and fingers. The aponeurosis is a layer of tissue between the skin and fat of the palm of the hand. In Dupuytren’s contracture, this fascia becomes inflamed and produces nodules (lumps) and cords of tissue. As these cords tighten, one or more fingers might be pulled toward the palm, thus preventing the extension of the finger(s).
When the flexion of a finger is significant, it may warrant corrective surgery called a palmar aponevrectomy.